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使用Tkinter模块来创建简单的GUI程序

学了一段时间python,总想用它来做一个gui的界面程序,嘿嘿,主要是为了炫耀一下啊。下面整理了一些python Tkinter模块的小例子,希望大家能够做一个gui程序出来。 使用Tkinter模块来创建简单的GUI程序。 Tkinter的Widgets有:Button、Canvas、Checkbutton、Entry、Frame、Label、Listbox、Menu、Menubutton、Message、Radiobutton、Scales、Scrollbar、TEXT、Toplevel等。 例: # This program displays an empty window. import Tkinter def main(): main_window = Tkinter.Tk() Tkinter.mainloop() main() 例2: import Tkinter class MyGUI: def __init__(self): # Create the main window widget. self.main_window = Tkinter.Tk() # Enter the Tkinter main loop. Tkinter.mainloop() # Create an instance of the MyGUI class. my_gui = MyGUI() 例3: # The program displays a label with text. import Tkinter class MyGUI: def __init__(self): self.main_window = Tkinter.Tk() # Create a Label widget containing the text 'Hello world' self.label = Tkinter.Label(self.main_window, text='Hello World!') # Call the Label widget's pack method. self.label.pack() # Enter the Tkinter main loop. Tkinter.mainloop() # Create an instance of the MyGUI class. my_gui = MyGUI() 例4: import Tkinter class MyGUI: def __init__(self): self.main_window = Tkinter.Tk() self.label1 = Tkinter.Label(self.main_window,text='Hello World!') self.label2 = Tkinter.Label(self.main_window,text='This is my GUI program.') self.label1.pack() self.label2.pack() Tkinter.mainloop() mygui = MyGUI() 例5: import Tkinter class MyGUI: def __init__(self): self.main_window = Tkinter.Tk() self.label1 = Tkinter.Label(self.main_window,text='Hello World!') self.label2 = Tkinter.Label(self.main_window,text='This is my GUI program.') self.label1.pack(side='left') self.label2.pack(side='left') Tkinter.mainloop() mygui = MyGUI() 例6: import Tkinter class MyGUI: def __init__(self): self.main_window = Tkinter.Tk() self.top_frame = Tkinter.Frame(self.main_window) self.bottom_frame = Tkinter.Frame(self.main_window) self.label1 = Tkinter.Label(self.top_frame,text='Winken') self.label2 = Tkinter.Label(self.top_frame,text='Blinken') self.label3 = Tkinter.Label(self.top_frame,text='Nod') self.label1.pack(side='top') self.label2.pack(side='top') self.label3.pack(side='top') self.label4 = Tkinter.Label(self.bottom_frame,text='Winken') self.label5 = Tkinter.Label(self.bottom_frame,text='Blinken') self.label6 = Tkinter.Label(self.bottom_frame,text='Nod') self.label4.pack(side='left') self.label5.pack(side='left') self.label6.pack(side='left') self.top_frame.pack() self.bottom_frame.pack() Tkinter.mainloop() mygui = MyGUI() 按钮Widget和信息对话框 使用tkMessageBox模块的showinfo函数来显示信息对话框。 例: # the program demonstrates a Button widget. # when the user clicks the button, an info dialog box is displayed. import Tkinter import tkMessageBox class MyGUI: def __init__(self): self.main_window = Tkinter.Tk() self.my_button = Tkinter.Button(self.main_window, text='Click me!',command=self.do_something) self.my_button.pack() Tkinter.mainloop() def do_something(self): tkMessageBox.showinfo('Response','Thanks for clicking the button.') mygui = MyGUI() 例2: import Tkinter import tkMessageBox class MyGUI: def __init__(self): self.main_window = Tkinter.Tk() self.my_button = Tkinter.Button(self.main_window, text='Click me!',command=self.do_something) self.quit_button = Tkinter.Button(self.main_window,text='Quit',command=self.main_window.quit) self.my_button.pack() self.quit_button.pack() Tkinter.mainloop() def do_something(self): tkMessageBox.showinfo('Response','Thanks for clicking the button.') mygui = MyGUI()

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